To investigate the difference of adipogenesis in orbital preadipocytes between pediatric and adult Graves ophthalmopathy (GO) under lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in vitro.
Orbital preadipocytes from pediatric and adult GO patients during eyelid or orbital surgery were cultured. The orbital preadipocytes in pediatric and adult GO were divided into group A and group B. In group A, pediatric and adult orbital preadipocytes were differentiated in adipogenesis media without LPS intervention, respectively. In group B, pediatric and adult orbital preadipocytes were incubated in culture medium containing 1 mg/L LPS for 48 hours before stimulation to differentiate into mature adipocytes in adipogenesis media. The expressions of adipogenic transcription factors, PPAR-γ and C/EBP-α, were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction on day 7. On day 14, the cells were stained with oil red O to observe the intracellular lipid accumulation.
In group A without LPS intervention, the pediatric orbital preadipocytes showed increased expression of PPAR-γ, C/EBP-α, and intracellular lipids accumulation than the adult orbital preadipocytes. In a group B with LPS intervention, both pediatric and adult preadipocytes showed higher rates of adipogenesis than in group A. Additionally, the increase in adipogenesis was greater in the pediatric preadipocytes.
The pediatric orbital preadipocytes demonstrated increased adipogenesis than adult preadipocytes in GO without LPS-induced inflammation. Adipogenesis of the pediatric orbital preadipocytes was more affected and upregulated as compared to that of the adult preadipocytes by LPS-induced inflammation.