To present the dynamical evaluation of mandible and upper airway size among Chinese infant patients following mandibular distraction osteogenesis in a short-term follow-up and compare predistraction measurements with a normal age- and sex-matched control.
All the patients have undergone the computed tomography (CT) scan before mandibular distraction osteogenesis (T0), at the end of the distraction phase (T1), and 3 months after the end of the distraction phase before the distractor removal (T2). A CT analyzing computer software MIMICS was utilized to analyze the anatomic variables of upper airway size and mandible size. All analysis was based on a significance level of 0.05.
Eight patients with Pierre Robin sequence differed mainly in the mandibular body length and the minimum anteroposterior dimension of the retroglossal airway from the control. After mandibular distraction osteogenesis, the mandibular body length and the ramus height both increased significantly, the ramus height also increased after 3 months of consolidation. Only small increase in the airway dimension of the retroglossal area at T2 was observed compared with T1.
Mandibular distraction osteogenesis is an effective modality in treating Pierre Robin sequence. Compared with normal control, the main difference may be the length of mandibular body and the area of the retroglossal airway. There may not be an increase in the diameter of airway and the length of mandibular body after 3 months of growth and development in Pierre Robin sequence. Individual surgical plan should be made to gain a better prognosis.