The exophthalmos and class III malocclusion seen in Crouzon syndrome
can be treated by Le Fort III advancement/distraction. However, reconstructive options for zygomatic retrusion are limited. The authors describe the repair of isolated exorbitism in a patient with Crouzon syndrome
, via bilateral zygomatic rotation-advancement.
A 34-year-old woman with Crouzon syndrome
complained of exorbitism and malar hypoplasia. Four years prior, she declined Le Fort III advancement and underwent orthodontic/orthognathic correction of malocclusion. Radiographs were used to develop a computerized surgical plan. Bilateral periorbital osteotomy with advancement/rotation of the zygomatic process was performed using custom osteotomy guides and plates. Images obtained immediately postoperative and 3- and 19-month postoperative were compared to assess surgical stability, accuracy, and soft tissue changes.
Decreased globe exposure and increased malar prominence have improved facial balance. Superimposed pre- and postoperative radiographs demonstrate bilateral advancement of the zygomatic body and inferior orbital rim. Superimposition of immediate postoperative and 19-month radiographs showed no relapse. Soft tissue histogram showed increased prominence of the malar eminence, lateral orbital rim, and cheek.
Zygomatic rotation-advancement proved a safe, effective, stable, and predictable treatment for isolated malar hypoplasia in a patient with Crouzon syndrome
. Virtual planning can enhance novel complex craniofacial procedures.