The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of nasal surgery
in the upper airway (UA) collapse using drug induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) in a group of patients with obstructive sleep apnea
hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS).
Prospective cohort of patients treated with nasal surgery
between 2015 and 2016. All patients were diagnosed with mild to severe OSAHS. The inclusion criteria were age between 18 and 70 years, apnea–hypopnea index (AHI) higher than 15, and septal deviation. All patients had a DISE performed before surgery and 3 months after. The DISE findings were evaluated through the NOHL scale.
Thirty-four patients were included. Surgical success with subjective and objective improvement in nasal obstructions was achieved in all cases. The pattern of UA obstruction did change significantly following nasal surgery
< 0.05). Before nasal surgery
, 74% of the patients demonstrated multilevel obstruction. After nasal surgery
, only 50% patients showed multilevel collapse (P
< 0.05). Among patients with single-level collapse, the oropharynx was the most common location of obstruction. It became more frequent after nasal surgery
was done (41% vs 21%, P
< 0.05). Significant improvement was shown in hypopharyngeal collapse. Postoperative AHI decreased from a mean of 26.7 to 19 events/h, but this change was not significant.
Conclusion: Nasal surgery
may improve hypopharyngeal collapses observed during DISE in patients with OSAHS. Thus, an improvement in nasal obstruction may also modify the surgical plan based on UA functional findings in OSAHS patients.