Original ArticlesBehavioral Disorders of Preschool Children With Non-Syndromic CraniosynostosisMoreno-Villagómez, Julieta PhD*; Yáñez-Téllez, Ma. Guillermina PhD*; Prieto-Corona, Belén PhD*; Seubert-Ravelo, Ana Natalia PhD*; García, Antonio MD†Author Information *Neuroscience project, Faculty of Higher Studies Iztacala, National Autonomous University of Mexico †Pediatric Neurosurgery Department, Medical Unit of High Specialty “La Raza” IMSS, Mexico City, Mexico. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Ma. Guillermina Yáñez-Téllez, PhD, Neuroscience project, Faculty of Higher Studies Iztacala, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Avenida de los Barrios Número 1, Colonia Los Reyes Iztacala. Tlalnepantla, Estado de México, C.P. 54090, Mexico; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Received 30 May, 2019 Accepted 20 August, 2019 This work was supported by the National Council of Science and Technology with the scholarship of Julieta Moreno Villagómez for PhD studies (Scholarship number 261233). The authors have no conflicts of interests to disclose. Supplemental digital contents are available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (www.jcraniofacialsurgery.com). Journal of Craniofacial Surgery: January/February 2020 - Volume 31 - Issue 1 - p 147-149 doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000006008 Buy SDC Metrics Abstract Craniosynostosis is the premature closure of one or more cranial sutures that results in an abnormal skull shape. This condition has been associated with cognitive problems of different levels of severity in all developmental stages in a substantial percentage of children. However, the study of behavioral problems related to this condition has been scarce. The objective of this study was to determine if a sample of Mexican preschoolers with non-syndromic craniosynostosis had more clinical and adaptive behavioral problems than those of their peers. We assessed the behavior of 24 participants between 3 and 5 years of age with non-syndromic craniosynostosis as well as those of 27 healthy children. We used the Behavioral Assessment System for Children (BASC) parent's questionnaire. There were no significant differences between groups for any of the BASC scales, although a small proportion of children from both groups had high, clinically significant, scores on some of the Clinical, Adaptive and Global scales. While the relationship between craniosynostosis and behavioral problems is not clear, it is important to continue to assess conduct at several ages to detect possible problems that could be overlooked by the developmental characteristics during the preschool stage. © 2020 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.