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Brow Ptosis

Is Transblepharoplasty Internal Browpexy Suitable for Everyone?

Nemet, Arie Y. MD

doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000005680
Clinical Studies
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Purpose: Transcutaneous internal browpexy can provide patients with mild-to-moderate lateral brow ptosis, stabilization and modest lift of the lateral brow. Questions regarding effectiveness of this procedure and appropriate indications remain.

Methods: The authors measured consecutive patients who underwent upper eyelid blepharoplasty with transblepharoplasty internal browpexy (TIB) September 2014 to December 2017. Pre- and postoperative brow elevation was assessed based on before and after photographs of each patient. Patient photographs were assessed for medial and lateral brow elevation, brow contouring and asymmetry. Optimal lateral brow elevation was classified as bilateral symmetrical and above the supraorbital rim for women, and symmetrical and at the supraorbital rim for men.

Results: A total of 239 patients underwent bilateral TIB and 39 underwent unilateral TIB (517 eyelids in total). Pre- and post-operative measurements were taken in 98 patients (41%), with an average elevation of the lateral brow position of 2.54 mm.

Six patients had an underlying infection in the first postoperative week that resolved completely. Three patients underwent a second stage direct brow lift repair and 3 needed unrecognized ptosis repair as a second stage.

Conclusions: Transblepharoplasty internal browpexy is an important tool that can be used in most patients with lateral and central brow ptosis, asymmetric brow ptosis and irregular contour of the brow. Additionally, browpexy adds to the success and longevity of upper blepharoplasty, while preventing early recurrence of lateral upper eyelid hooding. Patients with significant ptosis, heavy brows, medial greater than lateral ptosis, and post-facial palsy may not be good candidates for this procedure.

Department of Ophthalmology, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Sava, Israel.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Arie Y. Nemet, MD, Department of Ophthalmology, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Sava, Israel; E-mail: nemet.arik@gmail.com

Received 27 December, 2018

Accepted 24 April, 2019

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

Supplemental digital contents are available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (www.jcraniofacialsurgery.com).

© 2019 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.