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Bilateral Sagittal Split Osteotomy

Description of Surgical Technique to Complement the Procedural Cognition Simulation in the Craniofacial Interactive Virtual Assistant-Professional Edition

Rodriguez, Eduardo D. MD, DDS*; Plana, Natalie M. MD*,†; Diaz-Siso, Jesus Rodrigo MD*; Flores, Roberto L. MD*

doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000005705
Original Articles

Operative experience for the contemporary trainee has become exceedingly more challenging in the setting of more stringent hospital regulations. Surgical training is thus shifting toward more self-directed, independent learning to maximize operative opportunities as they become available; yet, this can prove difficult for complex surgeries like craniofacial procedures. The intricate anatomy and fine reconstructive techniques employed cannot be readily depicted onto a two-dimensional page. To address this educational gap, the Craniofacial Interactive Virtual Assistant-Pro Edition (CIVA-Pro) was developed as a web-based surgical simulator to aid learners with conceptualizing the surgical principles utilized in these cases. The current work reviews the Bilateral Sagittal Split Osteotomy module of CIVA-Pro, providing detailed narratives for each chapter with expert commentary on broadened indications and future directions.

*Hansjörg Wyss Department of Plastic Surgery, NYU Langone Health, New York, NY

Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Roberto L. Flores, MD, Hansjörg Wyss Department of Plastic Surgery, NYU Langone Health, 307 East 33rd Street, New York, NY 10016; E-mail:

Received 21 January, 2019

Accepted 7 May, 2019

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

© 2019 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.