Considering the fact that both spreader flap
and spreader graft
techniques cause respiratory complications and yield different aesthetics results in patients undergoing open rhinoplasty
, this study was aimed at comparing these 2 techniques in terms of aesthetics and respiratory side effects.
The study was conducted on patients undergoing open rhinoplasty
in Ardabil, Iran, during 2016 to 2017. During the Study, a questionnaire containing 7 items related to respiratory complications and 7 items related to aesthetics side effects was completed for each of the patients. After that, the patients were photographed from 6 standard views by the researchers and then the aesthetics side effects were assessed. Finally, the obtained data were all fed into SPSS Software Version 16 and the needed statistical analyses were conducted.
One hundred thirty patients were investigated in this study the majority of whom were female. Rhinoplasty
in 69 of them was done with spreader graft
technique and in 61 of them with spreader flap
technique. The analysis of the side effects in these 2 groups of patients indicated that the use of spreader graft
technique increases the incidence of nasal hump while the use of spreader flap
technique results in an increase in the incidence of obstructive sleep apnea. As regards the other respiratory and aesthetics side effects, the 2 techniques did not yield significantly different results.
The findings of the present research indicated that there is no significant difference between the use of spreader graft
and spreader flap
techniques. Therefore, considering the clinical conditions of patients, either of the 2 techniques can be used effectively in rhinoplasties.