Brief Clinical StudiesOral Myiasis in a Patient With HIV Manifestations and Neurologic Toxoplasmosis Treated by IvermectinPires, Willian Ricardo DDS, MSc; Puttini, Igor de Oliveira; Oliva, André Hergesel de; Jacob, Ricardo Garcia Mureb; Figueira, Heldo Cesar Júnior; Sonoda, Celso Koogi; Faverani, Leonardo Perez; Souza, Francisley Ávila; Garcia Júnior, Idelmo RangelAuthor Information Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Integrated Clinic, Araçatuba Dental School, UNESP, Araçatuba, Brazil. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Willian Ricardo Pires, DDS, MSc, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Integrated Clinic, Araçatuba Dental School, UNESP, Rua José Bonifácio, 1193, Araçatuba, São Paulo 16015-050, Brazil; E-mail: email@example.com Received 11 April, 2017 Accepted 11 February, 2018 The authors report no conflicts of interest. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery: September 2018 - Volume 29 - Issue 6 - p e555-e556 doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000004538 Buy Metrics Abstract Myiasis has been defined as a pathologic condition where dipterous larvae are lodged in mammalian hosts causing an infestation, which feeds on living or dead tissue for at least a certain period inside the host and develops itself as parasites. In humans, the most commonly affected sites are the nose, eyes, skin wounds, sinuses, lungs, ears, gut, gall bladder, vagina, nasal cavities, and rarely the mouth because the oral tissues are rarely exposed to the external environment. The etiology of oral myiasis is usually related to local factors such as poor oral hygiene, periodontal disease and labial incompetence, and systemic factors such as neurologic deficits. © 2018 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.