This study was designed to identify variables affecting family functions
and life quality of parents with cleft lip
and/or palate children.
Materials and Methods:
Family Assesment Scale (FAS) and short form of World Health Organization quality of life
(WHOQOL-BREF-TR) were used to measure family functions
and life quality of parents. Questionnaire Forms were given to 146 parents: 74 having cleft lip
and/or palate children (cleft-group), and the other 72 with healthy children (control-group). Parents were divided into 3 subgroups according to children's age as 0 to 6, 7 to 12, and 13 to 18 years. Kruskal-Wallis and Mann–Whitney U
tests were used to evaluate differences between the groups.
Behavior of cleft patients’ parents was found to be problematic in behavioral control, required attention and role areas at 0 to 6 years, required attention area at ages 7 to 12 and 13 to 18 years. When compared to control group, significant differences were detected in required attention at ages 0 to 6 years, problem-solving, and communication areas at 7 to 12 years. Findings of life quality were found to be over medium level in physical, social, psychological and environmental areas in cleft group at all age groups; however, life quality was found better in control group in physical, psychological, and social subtests at age 13 to 18 years.
Cleft children influence family functions
in behavioral control, required attention and role areas at early childhood, and continue to affect required attention through adolescence. Also social, physical, and psychological fields of life quality were found lower in cleft parents compared to control group at adolescence.