Brief Clinical StudiesBrain Abscess Following Intracerebral Hemorrhage in a Patient With PneumoniaLiu, Kun MD; Yang, Chunxia MD; Zhang, Yongna MD; Yuan, Xunhui MD; Xiao, Hang MD; Bai, Yun’an MD; Xi, Bin MDAuthor Information *Department of Neurosurgery, Yidu Central Hospital of Weifang, Qingzhou, Shandong Province †Department of Neurosurgery, Jiangxi Provincial People's Hospital, Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, China. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Bin Xi, MD, Department of Neurosurgery, Jiangxi Provincial People's Hospital, No. 92, Aiguo Road, Donghu District, Nanchang, Jiangxi Province 330006, China; E-mail: [email protected] Received 1 July, 2016 Accepted 24 July, 2016 The authors report no conflicts of interest. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery: November 2016 - Volume 27 - Issue 8 - p e773-e775 doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000003125 Buy Metrics Abstract Brain abscess is a rare but potentially lethal infection of brain parenchyma, requiring prompt surgical intervention and high-dose antibiotic therapy. Brain abscess is a known complication of surgically treated intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), but it is exceptionally rare that it occurs at the same site of a nonoperated ICH. Such cases may result from hematogenous spread from distant foci (pneumonia, infectious endocarditis) or contiguous sites. Herein, the authors report a case of 75-year-old woman presenting with a brain abscess 6 weeks after a nonoperated ICH. As the patient suffered from pneumonia during the course of ICH, the authors suspected that the brain abscess might originate from the pneumonia via hematogenous spread. The awareness of brain abscess formation at the site of ICH is of great importance for early diagnosis and prompt treatment. © 2016 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.