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Frontal Encephalocele Associated With a Bilateral Tessier Number Three Cleft and Fraser Syndrome

Wood, Benjamin C. MD*; Yi, Sojung BS*; Oh, Albert K. MD*; Rogers, Gary F. MD, JD*; Magge, Suresh N. MD

doi: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000001986
Clinical Studies

Oblique craniofacial clefts and encephaloceles are each rare conditions, and only a few instances of these findings in combination have been described. Each pathologic entity presents a unique reconstructive challenge. The authors report the case of a male infant who presented with a large right frontoencephalocele and bilateral Tessier number 3 clefts. A review of the pertinent literature, including specific considerations related to perioperative management and technical aspects of the surgical approach, is discussed.

*Division of Plastic Surgery

Division of Neurosurgery, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Gary F. Rogers, MD, JD, MBA, MPH, Division of Plastic Surgery, Children's National Medical Center, 111 Michigan Avenue NW, West Wing, 4th Floor, Suite 100, Washington, DC 20010; E-mail:

Received 19 November, 2014

Accepted 9 May, 2015

Disclosures: None.

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

© 2015 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.