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Morphological Structure of the Infraorbital Canal Using Three-Dimensional Reconstruction

Xu, Hongzhao; Guo, Yuzhu; Lv, Dongliang; Guo, Jingli; Liu, Wentao; Qi, Hongjun; Qin, Jiaxuan; Wang, Zheng; Hou, Lin; Zhang, Yiqun; Gao, Lu; Li, Youqiong; Wang, Yufa PhD

Journal of Craniofacial Surgery: July 2012 - Volume 23 - Issue 4 - p 1166–1168
doi: 10.1097/SCS.0b013e31824dfcfd
Anatomical Studies

Our study aim was to evaluate the initial position accurately and the direction of infraorbital canal approximately by analyzing the parameters of infraorbital canal. This study was based on 64-slice computed tomographic multiple planar reconstruction technique and can improve the success rate of infraorbital nerve blockade. The following observations and measurements were carried out in 224 normal infraorbital canals (112 people): the length, angle, and adjoined relations of initial infraorbital canal, to reveal the anatomic characteristics of the canals and to compare the difference between left and right or male and female. Six indicators were measured: (1) the length of initial infraorbital canal; (2) the distance between skin and the first obvious turn of infraorbital canal along the direction of initial infraorbital canal (the depth of puncture); (3) the vertical distance between infraorbital canal and nasal septum; (4) the vertical distance between infraorbital canal and infraorbital rim; (5) the angle between the infraorbital canal and the Frankfort plane; and (6) the angle between the infraorbital canal and the sagittal plane. The difference was statistically significant between 2 sides on the depth of puncture. For other values, the differences between left and right and between women and men were of no statistical significance.

From the Bethune Medical Academy and the Sino-Japanese Fellowship Hospital, Jilin University, and the People’s Hospital of Jilin Province, Changchun, China.

Received December 7, 2011.

Accepted for publication January 29, 2012.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Yufa Wang, PhD, Sino-Japanese Fellowship Hospital, Jilin University, Changchun, China; E-mail:

H.X. and Y.G. contributed equally to the article.

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

© 2012 Mutaz B. Habal, MD