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Influence of Helmet Use in Facial Trauma and Moderate Traumatic Brain Injury Victims of Motorcycle Accidents

Cavalcante, Josuel Raimundo DDS, PhD*†; Oka, Salomão Cury-Rad DDS, MSc; de Santana Santos, Thiago DDS, MSc*‡; Dourado, Edwaldo DDS, PhD*; de Oliveira e Silva, Emanuel Dias DDS*; Gomes, Ana Claudia Amorim DDS, PhD*

Journal of Craniofacial Surgery: July 2012 - Volume 23 - Issue 4 - p 982–985
doi: 10.1097/SCS.0b013e31824e5b04
Original Articles

Objective The objective of this research was to study the influence of the use of helmet in facial trauma victims of motorcycle accidents with moderate traumatic brain injury.

Methods We retrospectively reviewed the incidence of facial injuries in helmeted and nonhelmeted victims with moderate traumatic brain injury at a referral trauma hospital.

Results The sample consisted of 272 patients predominantly men (94.5%) and between 21 and 40 years old (62.9%). The majority of patients were using helmet (80.1%). The occurrence of facial fractures was most frequent for zygomatic bone (51.8%), followed by mandible (18.8%) and nasal bones (9.2%).

Conclusions Individuals in the most productive age group are most affected, which causes a great loss to financial and labor systems. It is important to take measures to alert the public regarding the severity of injuries likely to occur in motorcycle-related accidents and ways to prevent them.

denotes article available on Web site in Chinese translation

From the *Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Universidade de Pernambuco, Camaragibe, Pernambuco; †Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba (UEPB), Campina Grande, Paraíba; and ‡Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.

Received November 8, 2011.

Accepted for publication January 2, 2012.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Josuel Raimundo Cavalcante, DDS, PhD, Hospital Antônio Targino, Delmiro Gouveia St, 442 400, Centenário, Campina Grande, Paraiba, Brazil 58107-735; E-mail:

The authors report no conflict of interest.

© 2012 Mutaz B. Habal, MD