Management of Pediatric Mandible Fractures : Journal of Craniofacial Surgery

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Management of Pediatric Mandible Fractures

Goth, Stephen DMD*†; Sawatari, Yoh DDS; Peleg, Michael DMD

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Journal of Craniofacial Surgery 23(1):p 47-56, January 2012. | DOI: 10.1097/SCS.0b013e318240c8ab

Abstract

The pediatric mandible fracture is a rare occurrence when compared with the number of mandible fractures that occur within the adult population. Although the clinician who manages facial fractures may never encounter a pediatric mandible fracture, it is a unique injury that warrants a comprehensive discussion. Because of the unique anatomy, dentition, and growth of the pediatric patient, the management of a pediatric mandible fracture requires true diligence with a variance in treatment ranging from soft diet to open reduction and internal fixation. In addition to the variability in treatment, any trauma to the face of a child requires additional management factors including child abuse issues and long-term sequelae involving skeletal growth, which may affect facial symmetry and occlusion. The following is a review of the incidence, relevant anatomy, clinical and radiographic examination, and treatment modalities for specific fracture types of the pediatric mandible based on the clinical experience at the University of Miami/Jackson Memorial Hospital Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery program. In addition, a review of the literature regarding the management of the pediatric mandible fracture was performed to offer a more comprehensive overview of this unique subset of facial fractures.

© 2012 Mutaz B. Habal, MD

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