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Numerical Survey of the Different Shapes of the Human Nose

Tamir, Abraham PhD

Journal of Craniofacial Surgery: May 2011 - Volume 22 - Issue 3 - p 1104-1107
doi: 10.1097/SCS.0b013e3182108eb3
Brief Clinical Studies

Experimental results are reported for the numerical quantities of the different shapes of human nose where, to the best of the author's knowledge, this approach has never been applied. The results are based on 1793 pictures of noses, of which 403 are artworks, 498 are photographs taken by the author in Europe-Holland, Belgium, and France-while visiting these places, 801 were photographed in Israel, and 91 are not clear where exactly photographed. One thousand eighty-one were photographs of men, and 712 were of women. The author has succeeded to classify all the noses into 14 groups, where for each nose shape it was possible to find also an artistic demonstration. Near each shape the percentage of the total number of noses of a certain nose shape is reported. The detailed results for the number of noses versus their shape and sources: artworks and photographing places-Europe and Israel-are reported. The most widespread nose, 24.2%, is shape 1, the fleshy nose, where the least widespread nose, 0.45%, is shape 4. It should be emphasized also that shape 14, 0.05%, photographed in Israel is extremely unique and the only one existing among the 1793 noses that were considered.

From the Chemical Engineering Department, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Received May 17, 2010.

Accepted for publication July 5, 2010.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Abraham Tamir, Chemical Engineering Department, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel; E-mail:

The author reports no conflicts of interest.

© 2011 Mutaz B. Habal, MD