The aim of this study is to determine the safety and complication of subciliary approach through the retrospective review of our experiences.
From 2005 through 2008, the subciliary skin-muscle flap methods were used in 30 patients undergoing medial orbital wall reconstruction. Preoperative and postoperative ophthalmic findings including diplopia, Hertel exophthalmometry, and occurrence of complications were checked. Resorbable polylactic acid sheet or porous polyethylene sheet was trimmed and molded in L shape, vertical portion to cover the medial wall defect and horizontal portion for stability in orbital floor.
In the follow-up of diplopia, half of the patients (3 cases) presenting with diplopia improved during the first month of follow-up, and all of them improved by 6 month. For hypesthesia, all patients improved by 3 months. Enophthalmos of 1 patient improved after operation and did not recur. No patients complained of visible scar 6 months postoperatively, and no ectropion was observed.
We think that medial orbital wall could be reconstructed safely through skin-muscle flap subciliary approach without resulting in ectropion or lacrimal canaliculus injury.