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Reduction Malarplasty Using Osteotomy and Repositioning of the Malar Complex: Clinical Review and Comparison of Two Techniques

Cho, Byung Chae MD

Journal of Craniofacial Surgery: May 2003 - Volume 14 - Issue 3 - p 383-392
Clinical Notes

Twenty-five patients with a prominent zygoma underwent reduction malarplasty from January 1995 through January 2001. In mild cases, the osteotomized zygoma was repositioned superoposteriorly. In severe cases, after the removal of a 2- to 5-mm-thick bony segment, the osteotomized zygoma was repositioned medially and superoposteriorly. Ten patients underwent reduction malarplasty based on a bicoronal incision, whereas intraoral and preauricular incisions were used in the other 15 cases. Ten patients were male and 15 patients were female, with an age range from 18 to 52 years. The average follow-up was 13 months. All patients were satisfied with their results, and a symmetrical appearance was achieved in all cases. Reduction malarplasty using a bicoronal incision has various advantages because it provides a wide operative field, makes it easy to maintain symmetry, and facilitates combination with a forehead lift. Conversely, reduction malarplasty using an intraoral and preauricular incision has the advantages of a short operative time, simple procedure, and no scalp scar. Because the whole face should be regarded as one unit, the following adjutant procedures were also performed simultaneously: reduction of the mandibular angle in 17 patients, augmentation rhinoplasty in 4 patients, face lift in 2 patients, and fat graft in 2 patients. In conclusion, the procedure of osteotomy and repositioning the malar complex was found to be effective for correcting a prominent malar complex.

Daegu, Korea

From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Korea.

Address correspondence to Dr Cho, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Samduk 2 ga, 50, Daegu, 700–721, Korea; e-mail:

© 2003 Mutaz B. Habal, MD