To investigate the mutational spectrum and genotype–phenotype correlation in Indian patients with congenital myasthenic syndrome (CMS), using next-generation sequencing of 5 genes.
CHRNE, COLQ, DOK7, RAPSN, and GFPT1 were sequenced in 25 affected patients.
We found clinically significant variants in 18 patients, of which variants in CHRNE were the most common, and 9 were novel. A common pathogenic COLQ variant was also detected in 4 patients with isolated limb-girdle congenital myasthenia.
Targeted screening of 5 genes is an effective alternate test for CMS, and an affordable one even in a developing country such as India. In addition, we recommend that patients with isolated limb-girdle congenital myasthenia be screened initially for the common COLQ pathogenic variant. This study throws the first light on the genetic landscape of CMSs in India.