Reliability and Validity of the State-Trait Hopelessness Scale in a Primarily Rural Population of Adults With Ischemic Heart Disease in the US Great Plains : Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing

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ARTICLES: Measurement of Psychosocial Determinants of Cardiovascular Health

Reliability and Validity of the State-Trait Hopelessness Scale in a Primarily Rural Population of Adults With Ischemic Heart Disease in the US Great Plains

Dunn, Susan L. PhD, RN, FAHA, FAAN; Bomgaars, Deb PhD, RN, CNE; Van De Griend, Kristin M. PhD, MPH; Jensen, Gwenneth A. PhD, RN, CNS; White, Lynn L. PhD, RN, ACNS-BC; Goodyke, Madison P. BSN, RN; Luong, Anna BSN, RN; Gutierrez-Kapheim, Melissa MS; Tintle, Nathan L. PhD

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The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing 38(1):p 84-91, 1/2 2023. | DOI: 10.1097/JCN.0000000000000886

Abstract

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