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Barriers to Cardiac Rehabilitation in Women With Cardiovascular Disease: An Integrative Review

McCarthy, Margaret M. MS, RN, FNP-BC; Vaughan Dickson, Victoria PhD, CRNP; Chyun, Deborah PhD, RN

The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing: September-October 2011 - Volume 26 - Issue 5 - p E1-E10
doi: 10.1097/JCN.0b013e3181f877e9
ARTICLES: ONLINE ONLY
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Although death rates from cardiovascular disease (CVD) have declined in recent years, it continues to be the leading cause of death for women in the United States. The risk factors for CVD are well established and include physical inactivity. According to the Centers for Disease Control, in 2008, 38% of women reported no physical activity. For many women who experience a cardiac event, their first opportunity to become physically active is through a formal cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program. Unfortunately, women often underutilize CR programs. The purpose of this integrative review was to examine the barriers to participation in a CR program among women with CVD.

Although death rates from cardiovascular disease (CVD) have declined in recent years, it continues to be the leading cause of death for women in the United States. The risk factors for CVD are well established and include physical inactivity. According to the Centers for Disease Control, in 2008, 38% of women reported no physical activity. For many women who experience a cardiac event, their first opportunity to become physically active is through a formal cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program. Unfortunately, women often underutilize CR programs. The purpose of this integrative review was to examine the barriers to participation in a CR program among women with CVD.

Margaret M. McCarthy, MS, RN, FNP-BC Doctoral Student, College of Nursing, New York University.

Victoria Vaughan Dickson, PhD, CRNP Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, New York University.

Deborah Chyun, PhD, RN Associate Professor, College of Nursing, New York University.

The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.

Correspondence Margaret M. McCarthy, MS, RN, FNP-BC, College of Nursing, New York University, 726 Broadway, New York, NY 10003 (mmm529@nyu.edu).

© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.