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A Review of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in US Military Personnel

McGraw, Leigh K. RN, NP-C; Turner, Barbara S. RN, DNSc, FAAN; Stotts, Nancy A. RN, EdD, FAAN; Dracup, Kathleen A. RN, DNSc, FNP, FAAN

The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing: July-August 2008 - Volume 23 - Issue 4 - p 338-344
doi: 10.1097/01.JCN.0000317437.75081.e7
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As the civilian population exhibits increasing trends in major cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in younger age groups, the US military is observing similar trends. These worrisome developments are seen even in young adulthood. Despite the need for a fit, combat-ready force, increases in CV risk are increasingly evident in the military population. This review provides an overview of coronary artery disease in the young and the prevalence of risk factors in the military population. With increases in current military operations in an acutely stressful environment, the role of stress and the manifestation of CV disease are also examined.

Leigh K. McGraw, RN, NP-C Doctoral Candidate, Department of Physiological Nursing, University of California, San Francisco.

Barbara S. Turner, RN, DNSc, FAAN Professor, School of Nursing, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina.

Nancy A. Stotts, RN, EdD, FAAN Professor, Department of Physiological Nursing, University of California, San Francisco.

Kathleen A. Dracup, RN, DNSc, FNP, FAAN Dean and Professor, Department of Physiological Nursing, University of California, San Francisco.

Disclaimer: The opinions and assertions in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of the Department of the Army, the Department of Defense, or the US government.

Corresponding author Leigh K. McGraw, RN, NP-C, 5506 80th Avenue Court West, University Place, WA 98467 (leigh.mcgraw@ucsf.edu).

© 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.