ARTICLESPeripheral Arterial Disease in Older Adults: Management of Cardiovascular Disease Risk FactorsOka, Roberta K. RN, ANP, DNScAuthor Information Roberta K. Oka, RN, ANP, DNSc Associate Professor, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, Calif. Corresponding author Roberta K. Oka, RN, ANP, DNSc, Department of Community Health Systems, School of Nursing, University of California San Francisco, 2 Koret Way, Box 0608, San Francisco, CA 94143-0608 (e-mail: email@example.com). The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing: September-October 2006 - Volume 21 - Issue 5 - p S15-S20 Buy Abstract Patients with peripheral arterial disease experience significant functional limitations due to ischemic symptoms (claudication) and are at high risk for cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality resulting from untreated cardiovascular disease risk factors and aggressive atherosclerosis. Peripheral arterial disease is commonly undiagnosed and cardiovascular disease risk factors are frequently untreated in this population. The increased risk associated with peripheral arterial disease necessitates greater emphasis on detection and management, not only to improve survival but to improve functional capacity and quality of life. This article briefly describes the detection and medical management with emphasis on lifestyle modification for elders with peripheral arterial disease. © 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.