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Cardiovascular Disease Risk Reduction in Older Adults

Klieman, Linda MSN, ANP; Hyde, Shauna MS, RD, CDE; Berra, Kathy MSN, ANP, FAAN

The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing: September-October 2006 - Volume 21 - Issue 5 - p S27-S39
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Preventing cardiovascular events in older persons presents unique challenges to clinicians. Cardiovascular disease accounts for a large amount of disability and mortality in older persons. Older persons are often faced with unique and multiple challenges to health, including cognitive decline, social isolation, financial constraints, and physical disabilities. As more and more older persons are enrolled in studies that aim to better understand coronary heart disease and its prevention, new information is becoming available that allow clinicians to improve outcomes in the older adult. The most recent updates in the area of medical management, as well as updates of recommendations for lifestyle changes, including physical activity and dietary recommendations for older persons at risk, are presented in this article.

Linda Klieman, MSN, ANP Clinical Case Manager, Cardiovascular Prevention Programs, Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif.

Shauna Hyde, MS, RD, CDE Research Dietitian, Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif.

Kathy Berra, MSN, ANP, FAAN Clinical Trial Director, Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Calif.

Corresponding author Linda Klieman, MSN, ANP, Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Hoover Pavilion, Room N229, 211 Quarry Road, Stanford, CA 94305-5705 (e-mail: linda.klieman@stanford.edu).

© 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.