Coronary artery disease in women is associated with higher morbidity and mortality than in men. The purpose of this article is to summarize recent literature concerning gender-based differences. Specific differences in pathophysiology, traditional and psychosocial risk factors, symptom presentation, treatments, and outcomes between women and men will be reviewed.
Jo-Ann Eastwood, PhD, RN, CCNS, CCRN Director, Clinical Programs, UCLA School of Nursing. Postdoctoral Fellow, Greater Los Angels, VA Healthcare.
Lynn V. Doering, DNSc, RN, FAAN Associate Professor, UCLA School of Nursing.
Corresponding author Jo-Ann Eastwood, PhD, RN, CCNS, CCRN, 1712 Faymont Ave, Manhattan Beach, CA 90266 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Authors have no conflict of interest.