Alternative Medicines for Cardiovascular DiseasesGinkgo Biloba for the Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease: A Review of the LiteratureMahady, Gail B. PhD Author Information Assistant Professor; Department of Pharmacy Practice; UIC/NIH Center for Botanical Dietary Supplements; Program for Collaborative Research in the Pharmaceutical Sciences; College of Pharmacy; University of Illinois at Chicago; Chicago, Illinois The Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing 16(4):p 21-32, July 2002. Buy Abstract Results from clinical trials demonstrate that standardized leaf extracts of Ginkgo biloba (SGB extract) reduce the symptoms of age-associated memory impairment and dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, and may be of benefit in treating intermittent claudication. In addition, preliminary results suggest that SGB extract may be useful in preventing and treating cardiovascular disease (CVD), particularly ischemic cardiac syndrome. Since many patients with cardiovascular disease are already taking anticoagulants and antiplatelet drugs, self-medication with SGB extract is not recommended without the advice of their physician. Although SGB extracts look promising for preventing and treating CVD, well-controlled clinical trials are needed before clinical recommendations can be made. Copyright © 2002 by Aspen Publishers, Inc.