Case Report: PDF OnlyDelayed Tension Pneumothorax During SurgeryChen, Ying-Lun*; Chen, Chea-Ying; Cheng, Jen-Kun Author Information Department of Anesthesiology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C. *Correspondence to: Dr. Ying-Lun Chen, Department of Anesthesiology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, 92, Section 2, Chungshan North Road, Taipei 104, Taiwan, R.O.C. E-mail: [email protected] Received: October 15, 2004 • Accepted: May 25, 2005 Journal of the Chinese Medical Association 68(10):p 491-494, October 2005. | DOI: 10.1016/S1726-4901(09)70081-4 Metrics Abstract Tension pneumothorax is a life-threatening emergency that rapidly results in cardiopulmonary arrest. It requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. We present 2 cases from our practice, 1 caused by blunt chest trauma and the other resulting from laparoscopic surgery. Both were successfully treated by insertion of a chest tube. The diagnosis and treatment of intraoperative pneumothorax is discussed together with a review of the literature. © 2005 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.