Despite a rising prevalence of chronic inflammatory disease (CID), the recent trends in cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality of patients with CID is scarce. In this study, we investigated patterns of CVD mortality in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) compared with the general population.
We used the 1999 to 2019 multiple causes of death files from the national center for health statistics to analyze patterns and trends of proportionate CVD mortality in CID compared with the general population.
We analyzed a total of 11,154 CVD deaths in IBD, 58,337 CVD deaths in RA, 6227 CVD deaths in SLE, and 17,826,871 CVD deaths in the general population. Between 1999 and 2019, we found that proportionate CVD mortality decreased significantly in the IBD group (25% to 16%), RA group (34% to 25%), and the general population (41% to 31%), but did not change for the SLE group (15% to 15%). Patients with SLE who died of CVD were approximately 10 years younger compared with CVD decedents with RA, IBD, or general population. The White population had higher proportionate CVD mortality than African American (IBD [19% vs 16%–18%] and SLE [14%–16% vs 12–14%], respectively).
This study identifies current trends in CVD mortality in the CID population and elucidates current demographics in CVD mortality in CID. Although proportionate CVD mortality decreased in the general population, and in patients with RA and IBD, there was no change among patients with SLE. Further studies are needed to elucidate these differences.