Sunshine William; Field, Tiffany M.; Quintino, Olga; Fierro, Karen; Kuhn, Cynthia; Burman, Iris; Schanberg, SaulJCR: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: February 1996 Original Article: PDF Only Abstract Thirty adult fibromyalgia syndrome subjects were randomly assigned to a massage therapy, a transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TENS), or a transcutaneous electrical stimulation no-current group (Sham TENS) for 30-minute treatment sessions two times per week for 5 weeks. The massage therapy subjects reported lower anxiety and depression, and their cortisol levels were lower immediately after the therapy sessions on the first and last days of the study. The TENS group showed similar changes, but only after therapy on the last day of the study. The massage therapy group improved on the dolorimeter measure of pain. They also reported less pain the last week, less stiffness and fatigue, and fewer nights of difficult sleeping. Thus, massage therapy was the most effective therapy with these fibromyalgia patients. © Williams & Wilkins 1996. All Rights Reserved.