Supplemental Digital Content is available in the text.
*Department of Soil, Water, and Climate BioTechnology Institute, and Microbial and Plant Genomics Institute, University of Minnesota, St. Paul
†Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Center for Immunology University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
Supplemental Digital Content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Website, www.jcge.com.
Supported, in part, by NIH Grant R21AI091907 (to A.K. and M.J.S.), research funding by CIPAC LLC (to A.K. and M.J.S.). A.R.W. was supported by the Interdisciplinary Doctoral Fellowship from the University of Minnesota Graduate School. M.J.H. was supported by a fellowship from the NIH, NIDCR T32 Institutional Training Grant: Minnesota Craniofacial Research Training (MinnCResT) Program.
A.K. and M.J.S. received funding from CIPAC LLC to carry out research on FMT using frozen microbiota. A.K. and M.J.S have provided consulting services for CIPAC and conflicts of interest are being managed by the University of Minnesota Conflicts of Interest Program. M.J.S. and A.K. have contributed equally to this work.The remaining authors declare that they have nothing to disclose.
Received January 28, 2013
Accepted March 1, 2013