The aim of this study was to clarify whether 10-day or 14-day sequential therapy (ST) can replace conventional triple therapy (TT) as a first-line treatment in Egypt.
Antimicrobial resistance has decreased the eradication rates for Helicobacter pylori infection worldwide.
Materials and Methods:
Patients who tested positive for H. pylori infection were randomly assigned to the 14-day triple-therapy group (n=34), 10-day ST group (n=34), or 14-day ST group (n=35). Sequential treatment includes lansoprazole 30 mg and amoxicillin 1000 mg, both twice for 5 or 7 days, followed by lansoprazole 30 mg, clarithromycin 500 mg, and tinidazole 500 mg, each twice for 5 or 7 days. Triple treatment consists of lansoprazole 30 mg, clarithromycin 500 mg, and amoxicillin 1000 mg, each twice for 14 days. Six weeks after treatment discontinuation, patients were examined by the urea breath test. Eradication rates, the incidence of adverse effects, compliance, and cost-effectiveness were evaluated.
The eradication rate was 90% with 10-day ST, 96.7% with 14-day ST, and 63.3% for TT (P=0.001). Mild tolerated adverse effects occurred in the 3 groups. The cost-effectiveness ratio was 2194 LE, 1241 LE, 1157 LE for standard triple therapy, 10-day, and 14-day ST, respectively.
Sequential therapies for 10 or 14 days are more cost-effective than standard TT, with 14-day ST being the most cost-effective. Accordingly, ST might replace TT as a first-line treatment for H. pylori infection in Egyptian patients.