The aim of this research was to assess the antibacterial activity of Lactobacillus salivarius LS03 (DSM 22776) against Propionibacterium acnes and its anti-inflammatory properties by inhibiting P. acnes-induced interleukin-8 (IL-8) release.
Acne is the most common skin disease, causing significant psychosocial problems for those afflicted. Currently available agents for acne treatment, such as oral antibiotics, have limited use. Thus, development of novel agents to treat this disease is needed. In the generation of inflammatory lesions, proliferation of P. acnes in the obstructed follicles is critical. The administration of beneficial microorganisms represents a promising approach for treating several skin alterations and can have many favorable effects.
For the inhibition assay, P. acnes was spread on Propionibacter Isolation Agar Base plates, and LS03-soaked disks were placed directly on the agar surface. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells, isolated from healthy volunteers, were preincubated with phytohemagglutinin 1 μg/mL for 1 hour and stimulated with the probiotic strains for 24 hours to simulate an in vitro IL-8 release model. The IL-8 concentration in the supernatants was analyzed in duplicate using ELISA Kit.
L. salivarius LS03 exerted a significant inhibitory capacity against the target pathogen strain. This antagonistic activity was primarily ascribable to the feature of LS03 strain of secreting active bacteriocins against P. acnes. Concerning the IL-8 analysis, 3 different L. salivarius strains were able to inhibit the release of this chemokine by 10% to 25%.
L. salivarius LS03 probiotic strain could be an alternative treatment to antibiotic/anti-inflammatory therapy in subjects presenting acne vulgaris.