The relation of Mycobacterium avium ss paratuberculosis (MAP) to Crohn’s Disease (CD) and other MAP-associated conditions remains controversial. New data, coupled with the analogous Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) story, has permitted us to piece together the MAP puzzle and move forward with a more scientific way of treating inflammatory bowel disease, particularly CD. As infection moves centre stage in inflammatory bowel disease, the dated “aberrant reaction” etiology has lost scientific credibility. Now, our growing understanding of MAP-associated diseases demands review and articulation. We focus here on (1) the concept of MAP-associated diseases; (2) causality, Johne Disease, the “aberrant reaction” hypothesis; and (3) responses to published misconceptions questioning MAP as a pathogen in CD.
*Gastroenterology Institute, Las Vegas, NV
†Centre for Digestive Diseases, Five Dock, NSW, Australia
‡Texas Tech University, El Paso, TX
L.G. owns shares in Giaconda Ltd., the licensor of MyocondaTM, an anti-MAP therapy. T.J.B. has a pecuniary interest in the Centre for Digestive Diseases and Giaconda Ltd., the licensor of MyocondaTM, an anti-MAP therapy. W.C. owns shares in Harbor Biosciences, the bio-tech company with patent rights to the immune enhancing hormone HE2000. J.C. has no financial interest or affiliation with any institution, organization, or company relating to the manuscript.
Reprints: Jordana Campbell, BSc, Centre for Digestive Diseases, Level 1/229 Great North Road, Five Dock, NSW 2046, Australia (e-mail: email@example.com).