PresentationsProbiotics and Their Use in DiverticulitisWhite, Jonathan A. MDAuthor Information Section of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Norwalk Hospital, Norwalk, CT 06856 Reprints: Jonathan A. White, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Norwalk Hospital, 30 Stevens Street, Norwalk, CT 06856 (e-mail: [email protected]) Received for publication January 11, 2006; accepted January 19, 2006 Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology: August 2006 - Volume 40 - Issue - p S160-S162 doi: 10.1097/01.mcg.0000225504.67547.d9 Buy SDC Metrics Abstract Probiotics are live microorganisms that when ingested affect the intestinal microbial flora and benefit the health of the host. Probiotics have been shown to have a positive effect on various gastrointestinal and other conditions; however, the beneficial effect of probiotics on treating diverticulitis and diverticular disease has not yet been clearly demonstrated. In this paper, the theoretical framework for using probiotics to prevent or treat diverticular disease is reviewed, and two preliminary studies on the use of probiotics for maintenance of remission of uncomplicated diverticular disease are briefly summarized. © 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.