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Al Karawi M. A. F.A.; Mohamed, A. E. D.T.M.& M.; Yasawy, M. I. M.D., D.T.M.; Graham, David Y. M.D.; Shariq, S.; Ahmed, A. M.; Jumah, A. Al M.B., B.ch., D.M.; Ghandour, Zuhal M.D.
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology: April 1995
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Over the past 8 years, 820 patients with tuberculosis were seen at the Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A total of 292 of these patients (35.6%) had pulmonary tuberculosis, and 130 patients (15.8%) had alimentary tract tuberculosis, making this the second commonest site of involvement. In these 130 patients, the disease was located in the upper gastrointestinal tract in 11 patients (8.5%), small bowel 44 patients (33.8%), large bowel 29 patients (22.3%), peritoneum 40 patients (30.7%), and liver 19 patients (14.6%). The diagnosis in most patients was made by specimens from endoscopy or laparoscopy, or liver or surgical specimens. Gastrointestinal tuberculosis is not uncommon in developing countries, and its incidence is increasing in developed countries due to immigration and in patients with AIDS or those receiving immunosuppressive therapy. It can mimic any diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract and may present with very different symptoms, so a high index of suspicion is required.

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