The primary objective of clinical engineering department (CED) in hospitals is to provide a broad-based engineering program that addresses all aspects of healthcare technology. However, accreditation of this department is rarely considered in the literature. In this study, we attempted to identify systematic differences in quality management between the Joint Commission International (JCI)–accredited and non–JCI-accredited CED by designing a specific automated evaluation system depending on the technology of cloud computing. Understanding the similarities, dissimilarities, and factors that sustain accreditation within hospitals is the main aim of this work. Another goal is to investigate, describe, and prioritize the measurements and requirements demanded to achieve a minimum accepted level that qualifies nonaccredited ones to be JCI accredited. A questionnaire that targeted the clinical engineering department was developed. It comprises CED roles and the corresponding JCI standards to differentiate accredited from nonaccredited CEDs. A score index has been developed using answering rates of questionnaire to assess CED roles and overall performance of the department. Based on the score index, the CED is classified into 4 classes. System verification was carried out using a data set of 9 Egyptian hospitals. The results revealed the minimum benchmark level of acceptance for JCI accreditation. The system proves its consistency and correctly separated JCI-accredited from nonaccredited CEDs.
Corresponding author: Neven Saleh, PhD, is assistant professor in the Systems and Biomedical Engineering Department, Higher Institute of Engineering, El-Shorouk City, Cairo, Egypt.
Manal Abdel Wahed, PhD, is professor in the Systems and Biomedical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.
Khaled W. El Kady, BSc, is IEEE member in the Systems and Biomedical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.