A previously tested intervention featured educational outreach with modified academic detailing (AD) to increase anticoagulation use in patients with atrial fibrillation. Currently, this study compares providers receiving and not receiving AD in terms of inclusion of AD educational topics and shared decision-making elements in documentation.
Physicians reviewed themes discussed with providers during AD and evaluated charts for evidence of shared decision-making. Frequencies of documentation of individual items for providers receiving AD versus non-AD providers were compared. To understand baseline documentation practices of AD providers, encounters of AD providers before their AD participation were randomly selected.
There were 113 eligible encounters in the four months after AD—36 from AD providers and 77 from non-AD providers. Thirty-five encounters were identified from AD providers before participating in the intervention. Providers infrequently documented many reviewed items (% documenting): anticoagulation mentioned (44%), multiple options for anticoagulation (5%), CHA2DS2-VASc score (11%), bleeding risk factors (2%). Compared with non-AD providers, AD providers had statistically significant higher percentages for the following items: mention of anticoagulation (64% versus 35%), stroke risk (11% versus 0%), anticoagulation benefits (8% versus 0%), and patient involvement (17% versus 0%). There was no improvement, however, for AD providers compared with baseline documentation percentages.
Providers infrequently documented important items in anticoagulation management and shared decision-making. AD participation did not improve documentation. Improving adoption of AD educational items may require more prolonged interaction with providers. Improving shared decision-making may require an intervention more focused on it and its documentation.