The Society for Academic Continuing Medical Education commissioned a study to clarify and, if possible, to standardize the terminology for a set of important educational interventions. In the form of a guideline, this article describes one such intervention, interprofessional education (IPE), which is a common intervention in health professions education. IPE is an opportunity for individuals of multiple professions to interact to learn together, to break down professional silos, and to achieve interprofessional learning outcomes in the service of high-value patient care. Based on a review of recent evidence and a facilitated discussion with US and Canadian experts, we describe IPE, its terminology, and other important information about the intervention. We encourage leaders and researchers to consider and to build on this guideline as they plan, implement, evaluate, and report IPE efforts. Clear and consistent use of terminology is imperative, along with complete and accurate descriptions of interventions, to improve the use and study of IPE.
Dr. Van Hoof: Associate Professor, University of Connecticut School of Nursing, Storrs, and Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine and Health Care, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington. Ms. Grant: Research Associate, Continuing Professional Development, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto. Ms. Sajdlowska: Research Assistant, School of Nursing, University of Connecticut, Storrs. Dr. Bell: Associate Scientist, Sunnybrook Research Institute; Associate Professor, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto. Dr. Campbell: Director of Continuing Professional Development, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, Ottawa. Ms. Colburn: Executive Director, Center for Continuing Education, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha. Dr. Davis: Senior Director, Continuing Education and Performance Improvement, Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington DC. Dr. Dorman: Professor, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Dr. Fischer: Director, National Resource Center for Academic Detailing, Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, and Associate Professor, Harvard Medical School, Boston. Dr. Horsley: Associate Director, Research Unit, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and Adjunct Faculty, Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa. Dr. Jacobs-Halsey: Director, Office of Continuing Professional Development, Medical School, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis. Dr. Kane: Associate Professor, Department of Biomedical Informatics and Medical Education, and Associate Professor, Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle. Dr. LeBlanc: Professor of Emergency Medicine, and Associate Dean for Continuing Professional Development, Dalhousie University, Halifax. Dr. Lockyer: Professor, Department of Community Health Sciences, and Senior Associate Dean, Education, University of Calgary, Calgary. Dr. Moore: Professor of Medical Education and Administration; Director, Office for Continuing Professional Development; Education Director, Vanderbilt MOC Portfolio Program, Director of Evaluation, Office of Undergraduate Medical Education, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville. Dr. Morrow: Associate Clinical Professor, Department of Family and Social Medicine, and Associate Director of Interventional CME, Center for CME, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx. Dr. Olson: Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, NH. Dr. Reeves: Professor in Interprofessional Research, Centre for Health and Social Care Research, Faculty of Health, Social Care & Education, Kingston University and St. George's, University of London, London. Dr. Sargeant: Education Researcher, Office of Continuing Professional Development, and Professor and Head, Division of Medical Education, Dalhousie University, Halifax. Dr. Silver: Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Vice-President Education, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto. Dr. Thomas: Professor of Medicine, Professor of Medical Education, Professor of Rehabilitation Medicine, Vice Chair for Education, and Associate Dean for CME, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York City. Dr. Turco: Assistant Professor of Medicine, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, and Director, Center for Continuing Education in the Health Sciences and Continuing Medical Education, Dartmouth-Hitchcock, Hanover. Dr. Kitto: Director of Research, Continuing Professional Development and Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto; Scientist, Wilson Centre, University Health Network, Toronto.
Correspondence: Thomas J. Van Hoof, MD, EdD, University of Connecticut, 231 Glenbrook Road, Unit 4026, Storrs, CT 06269-4026 486-0001; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Disclosures: The authors report the Society for Academic Continuing Medical Education (SACME) commissioned the project with funding from Pfizer, Inc. The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and not necessarily those of SACME or Pfizer, Inc. Dr. Olson is the Editor-in-Chief of The Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, of which the SACME is part owner. Dr. M. Fischer serves as a clinical consultant for the Alosa Foundation, a nonprofit organization that provides academic detailing services. The remaining authors declare no conflict of interest.