Mid-Right Atrial Obstruction by an Aneurysmal Interatrial Septum Simulating an Additional Secundum Type Atrial Septal Defect : Journal of Cardiovascular Echography

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Mid-Right Atrial Obstruction by an Aneurysmal Interatrial Septum Simulating an Additional Secundum Type Atrial Septal Defect

Borjian, Solmaz; Hosseinsabet, Ali

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Journal of Cardiovascular Echography 33(1):p 55-56, Jan–Mar 2023. | DOI: 10.4103/jcecho.jcecho_49_22
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Dear Editor,

A 69-year-old woman with atypical chest pain and palpitation was referred to our echocardiography laboratory for further evaluation. The patient had a history of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and one episode of atrial fibrillation with unremarkable physical examinations and electrocardiography. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a normal left ventricular size and systolic function (ejection fraction ≈55%) and right ventricular enlargement with normal systolic function. It also revealed an aneurysmal interatrial septum (IAS) with two left-to-right shunts through it in the color Doppler study, especially in the parasternal right ventricular inflow view, suggestive of 2 atrial septal defects (ASDs) with a QP/QS of 1.5/1 [Figure 1 and Video 1]. Transesophageal echocardiography demonstrated a secundum type ASD (diameter = 10 mm) with a left-to-right shunt and mid-right atrial obstruction (mean gradient = 2.5 mmHg) because the aneurysmal IAS narrowed the inferior vena cava inflow and resulted in a turbulent flow, simulating an additional ASD [Figure 2 and Video 2].

Figure 1:
(a) The parasternal right ventricular inflow view in transthoracic echocardiography shows. (b) Two parallel left-to-right shunts through an aneurysmal interatrial septum, indicating 2 atrial septal defects (arrows)
Figure 2:
(a) In transesophageal echocardiography (mid-esophageal 74°), there is a secundum type atrial septal defect (arrow). (b) accompanied by the mid-right atrial obstruction of the inferior vena cava flow, simulating an additional atrial septal defect (arrow)

An aneurysmal IAS could lead to the right atrial inflow obstruction of the inferior vena cava or the obstruction of the right pulmonary vein inflow, the right ventricular inflow, or the left ventricular inflow.[1-4] In addition, the association of aneurysmal IAS and ASD with atrial fibrillation has been demonstrated.[5,6]

Our patient had a mid-right atrial obstruction due to an aneurysmal IAS, with no signs and symptoms of inferior vena cava obstruction. However, the obstruction simulated an additional ASD in the color Doppler study in transthoracic echocardiography. Therefore, when an aneurysmal IAS exists, a mid-right atrial cavity obstruction simulating an ASD should be considered in the ASD differential diagnosis.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

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Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.


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