Septic Thrombophlebitis of the Mesenteric and Portal Veins: CT ImagingBalthazar, Emil J.; Gollapudi, PraveenJournal of Computer Assisted Tomography: September-October 2000 - Volume 24 - Issue 5 - p 755-760 ABDOMINAL IMAGING: Pictorial Essay Abstract Author InformationAuthors Pylephlebitis or septic thrombophlebitis of the portal vein and its tributaries is an acute ascending infection arising often from a primary gastrointestinal inflammatory lesion. Common primary sources of infection are diverticulitis, appendicitis, and infected pancreatic necrosis. CT imaging can diagnose this complication at an early stage and can significantly improve the previously reported high mortality and morbidity rates associated with this condition. From the Department of Radiology, New York University, Tisch Medical Center, New York, New York, U.S.A. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. E. J. Balthazar, Department of Radiology, New York University, Tisch Medical Center, 560 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016, U.S.A. Copyright © 2000 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.