This study compared ischemic core and penumbra volumes obtained using different computed tomography perfusion (CTP) software and evaluated the predictive value of CTP and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results for 90-day outcomes.
In total, 105 acute ischemic stroke patients who underwent endovascular treatment from January 2016 to December 2020 were included. Patients were divided into good and poor outcome groups by a modified Rankin Scale score. Computed tomography perfusion core and penumbra volumes were obtained using OleaSphere and Vitrea software to assess the volumetric relationship with MRI using the Spearman correlation test, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), and Bland-Altman plot. Three multivariable models were developed: baseline variables with MRI infarct volume, baseline variables with OleaSphere core volume, and baseline variables with Vitrea core volume. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the 3 models was compared using the DeLong test.
Median core volumes were 27.5, 26.9, and 31.1 mL for OleaSphere, Vitrea, and MRI, respectively. There was substantial correlation and excellent agreement between OleaSphere and MRI core volume (ρ = 0.84, P < 0.001; ICC = 0.84) and Vitrea and MRI core volume (ρ = 0.80, P < 0.001; ICC = 0.83). The areas under curve for MRI volume, OleaSphere, and Vitrea were 0.86, 0.84, and 0.83, respectively. There were no significant differences (P = 0.18) between the predictive value of the 3 models.
Computed tomography perfusion core volumes showed substantial correlation and excellent agreement with MRI. There was no significant difference in the predictive value of the 3 models, suggesting that core volumes measured using CTP software can predict patient prognosis.