The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of integrated parallel acquisition technology (iPAT) on the robustness of magnetic resonance imaging radiomic features.
A phantom and 6 healthy volunteers were scanned on a clinical 3-T system using T1-weighted (S1), T1-weighted fluid-attenuated (S2), T2-weighted fluid-attenuated (S3), and T2-weighted (S4); 2 iPAT flavors (generalized autocalibration partially parallel acquisitions and modified sensitivity encoding [mSENSE]) and their different acceleration factors R. Radiomic features were extracted, and their robustness was assessed using coefficient of variation (CV), and differences between sequences and region of interest (ROI) were evaluated using the χ2 test.
One volunteer was excluded because of movement during imaging acquisition. Generalized autocalibration partially parallel acquisitions provided more radiomic features with excellent robustness than mSENSE. Radiomic features with excellent robustness, unaffected by iPAT across different sequences and ROIs, in 92 radiomic features for phantom and healthy volunteers are 6.5% and 2.2%. For phantom, difference in the robustness degree between 4 sequences/P-ROIs was significant according to χ2 test; S2 and S3 could provide more excellent robust radiomic features than S1 and S4, and P-ROI3 filled with the biggest polystyrene particles could provide the most radiomic features with excellent robustness than the other P-ROIs. For healthy volunteers, only the difference in the degree of robustness between the 4 V-ROIs was significant, and V-ROI3 in white matter region of the left frontal lobe, which was located at periphery in image, could provide the most robust radiomic features compared with other V-ROIs.
Integrated parallel acquisition technology had a significant impact on the robustness of radiomic features. Generalized autocalibration partially parallel acquisitions delivered a more robust substrate for radiomic analyses than mSENSE.