The aim was to determine if dual-energy computed tomography (DECT
) can discriminate ferromagnetic bullets
from nonferromagnetic ones.
The ferromagnetic properties of 29 bullets
were determined. All bullets
underwent a DECT
evaluation, and a manual measurement of the dual-energy index was performed by 2 radiologists, followed by a fully automatic measurement, in 3 different positions in a phantom (air, water, and bone).
were found to be nonferromagnetic. There were significant differences between the mean of the dual-energy index measured in the core of ferromagnetic projectiles and those of nonferromagnetic ones in the lung position of the phantom (P
= 0.007). Specificity was 86.36%, and negative predictive value was 90.48%. Among the 29 bullets
, 24 were correctly classified.
Our study demonstrates that DECT
can assess the ferromagnetic status of bullets
and their magnetic resonance imaging compatibility using an extended computed tomography scale in an ex vivo phantom model.