The purpose of this study was to evaluate the image quality and radiation dose of computed tomography (CT) coronary angiography using a 256-row detector CT scanner in a single cardiac cycle in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF).
Seventy consecutive patients (41 men and 29 women; age range was from 37 to 84 years, mean age was 61.7 ± 10.2 years; body mass index range was from 15.08 to 36.45 kg/m2, mean body mass index was 25.9 ± 3.5 kg/m2) with persistent or paroxysmal AF during acquisition, who were not receiving any medications for heart rate (HR) regulation, were imaged with a 256-row detector CT scanner (Revolution CT, GE healthcare). According to the HR or HR variability (HRV) the patients were divided into 4 groups: group A (HR, ≥75 bpm; n = 36), group B (HR, <75 bpm; n = 34), group C (HRV, ≥50 bpm; n = 26), and group D (HRV, <50 bpm; n = 44). The snapshot freeze algorithm reconstruction was used to reduce motion artifacts whenever necessary. Two experienced radiologists, who were blinded to the electrocardiograph and reconstruction information, independently graded the CT images in terms of visibility and artifacts with a 4-grade rating scale (1, excellent; 2, good; 3, poor; 4, insufficient) using the 18-segment model. Subjective image quality scores and effective dose (ED) were calculated and compared between these groups.
The HR during acquisition ranged from 47 to 222 bpm (88.24 ± 36.80 bpm). A total of 917 in 936 coronary artery segments were rated as diagnostically evaluable (98.2 ± 0.04%). There was no significant linear correlation between mean image quality and HR or HRV (P > 0.05). Snapshot freeze reconstruction technique was applied in 28 patients to reduce motion artifacts and thus showed image quality was improved from 93.2% to 98.4%. The ED was 3.05 ± 2.23 mSv (0.49–11.86 mSv) for all patients, and 3.76 ± 2.22 mSv (0.92–11.17 mSv), 2.30 ± 2.02 mSv (0.49–11.86 mSv), 3.89 ± 2.35 mSv (1.18–11.86 mSv), and 2.56 ± 2.03 mSv (0.49–11.17 mSv) for groups A, B, C, and D, respectively. There were significant differences in mean ED between groups A and B, as well as C and D (P <0.05).
This study shows that CT coronary angiography with use of a new 256-row detector CT in single cardiac cycle achieves diagnostic image quality but with lower radiation dose in patients with AF. Heart rate or HRV has no significant effect on image quality.
From the *Department of Radiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital; †Department of Radiology, Beijing Huairou Hospital, Beijing, China; and ‡Department of Medical Radiation Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
Received for publication May 31, 2017; accepted August 31, 2017.
Correspondence to: Zhanming Fan, MD, Department of Radiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, No. 2 Anzhen Rd, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029, China (e-mail: email@example.com).
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
The work described has not been submitted elsewhere for publication.
This work was supported by grants from National Key R&D Program of China (2016YFC1300300) and grant from Natural Science Foundation of China (81641069).