Abdominal ImagingDynamic Computed Tomography of Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer Effect of Low Tube Voltage and a Hybrid Iterative Reconstruction Algorithm on Image QualityYamamura, Sadahiro MD; Oda, Seitaro MD; Utsunomiya, Daisuke MD; Funama, Yoshinori PhD; Imuta, Masanori MD; Namimoto, Tomohiro MD; Hirai, Toshinori MD; Chikamoto, Akira MD; Baba, Hideo MD; Yamashita, Yasuyuki MD Author Information From the Departments of *Diagnostic Radiology, †Medical Physics, and ‡Gastroenterological Surgery, Faculty of Life Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan. Received for publication February 8, 2013; accepted April 12, 2013. Reprints: Seitaro Oda, MD, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, Kumamoto University, 1-1-1 Honjo, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto 860-8556, Japan (e-mail: [email protected]). The authors have no direct or indirect financial interest in the products under investigation or subject matter discussed in this article. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography: September/October 2013 - Volume 37 - Issue 5 - p 790-796 doi: 10.1097/RCT.0b013e318296db2b Buy Metrics Abstract Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a low-tube-voltage technique and hybrid iterative reconstruction (HIR) on image quality at dynamic computed tomography (CT) of the pancreas. Methods The study included 18 consecutive patients (10 women, 8 men; mean age, 68.5 ± 9.5 years) with locally advanced pancreatic cancer who received chemotherapy and had stable disease during the 100- and 120-kV CT studies. The 120-kV images were reconstructed using filtered back projection, and the 100-kV images were postprocessed using filtered back projection and HIR. Scans obtained during 3 pancreatic phases were subjected to quantitative and qualitative analysis. Results The mean effective dose was significantly lower under the 100- than the 120-kV protocols (29.2 ± 3.6 vs 52.1 ± 5.1 mSv; P < 0.01). The mean contrast-to-noise ratio of the pancreatic cancer and the visual scores were significantly higher under 100 kV with HIR than those under the other 2 protocols (P < 0.01). Conclusions Use of low tube voltage and HIR can provide significantly improved image quality at pancreatic dynamic CT. Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.