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Diffusion-Weighted Imaging of the Abdomen at 3 T: Image Quality Comparison With 1.5-T Magnet Using 3 Different Imaging Sequences

Saremi, Farhood MD; Jalili, Mehdi MD; Sefidbakht, Sepideh MD; Channual, Stephanie MD; Quane, Lisa MD; Naderi, Nassim MD; Schultze-Haakh, Helmuth PhD; Torrone, Maria MD

Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography: May-June 2011 - Volume 35 - Issue 3 - p 317-325
doi: 10.1097/RCT.0b013e318213ccb0
Abdominal Imaging

Objective: This study aimed to perform comparisons between diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) sequences at 3 T with 1.5 T.

Methods: Thirteen healthy volunteers underwent abdominal DWI on both 3- and 1.5-T magnets using 3 sequences including breath hold without parallel imaging (PI), breath hold with PI, and free breathing with PI at b 50 and b 1000. Artifacts and subjective image quality scores, signal intensity, and apparent diffusion coefficient were compared.

Results: For breath hold without PI, higher artifact was noted at 3 T b 50 compared with 1.5 T (P < 0.0001). For b 50 and b 1000 breath hold with PI, artifacts were not different between the magnets, but image quality was better at 3 T (P = 0.04 and P = 0.02, respectively). For b 50 and b 1000 free breathing sequences, artifact and image quality scores were significantly better at 1.5 T. For breath hold acquisitions, the signal-to-noise ratio of gallbladder, kidneys, and pancreas was generally higher and that of the liver was lower on 3 T. Imaging at 3 T showed significantly higher image quality and lower artifacts for breath hold with PI compared with free breathing. Most apparent diffusion coefficients were not significantly different between the 2 magnets (P > 0.05).

Conclusions: Three-tesla magnets can provide good images using breath hold with PI sequence.

From the Department of Radiological Sciences of University of California, Irvine, CA.

Received for publication October 20, 2010; accepted February 2, 2011.

Reprints: Farhood Saremi, MD, Department of Radiological Sciences, University of California Irvine, UCI Medical center, 101 The City Dr, Route 140, Orange, CA 92868-3298 (e-mail:

No fund received from vendor or the National Institutes of Health.

Dr Schultze-Haakh is an employee of Siemens Medical Solutions USA, Inc, MR Collaborations Section.

Otherwise, the authors have no conflicts of interest.

Presented at The American Roentgen Ray Society annual scientific meeting, May 2010.

© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.