To assess the high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) appearances of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) after bone marrow transplantation (BMT).
The HRCT scans obtained in 4 patients (2 men and 2 women, age range: 20-50 years, mean age = 36 years) with biopsy-proven BOOP after BMT were reviewed retrospectively by 2 observers for the presence, extent, and distribution of parenchymal abnormalities.
All patients demonstrated consolidation and ground-glass opacity. The consolidation was bilateral, patchy, and asymmetric in all patients and was predominantly peribronchovascular in 3 patients and subpleural and peribronchovascular in 1 patient. Ground-glass opacity was patchy and asymmetric in all patients and was bilateral in 3 patients and unilateral in 1 patient. No zonal predominance of either feature could be identified.
The predominant HRCT features of BOOP after BMT are bilateral, patchy, and asymmetric consolidation in a predominantly peribronchovascular distribution with associated ground-glass opacity.
From the Department of Radiology, Vancouver General Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Received for publication January 5, 2005; accepted March 16, 2005.
Reprints: Nestor L. Müller, Department of Radiology, Vancouver General Hospital, 899 West 12th Avenue, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V5Z 1M9 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).