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Unusual Presentations of Neuroborreliosis (Lyme Disease) in Childhood

Huisman, Thierry A. G. M.; Wohlrab, Gaby; Nadal, David; Boltshauser, Eugen; Martin, Ernst

Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography: January-February 1999 - Volume 23 - Issue 1 - p 39-42
Neuroradiology: Case Report

Two children with atypical neuroborreliosis (cranial polyneuritis and acute transverse myelitis) are presented. The diagnosis was confirmed by the determination of specific antibodies against Borrelia burgdorferi in both serum and CSF. Neuroimaging findings were nonspecific, indicating, however, that neuroborreliosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of cases with cranial polyneuritis and acute transverse myelitis in childhood.

From the Institute of Diagnostic Radiology (T. A. G. M. Huisman and E. Martin) and Departments of Neurology (G. Wohlrab and E. Boltshauser) and Infectious Diseases (D. Nadal), University Children's Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr. T. A. G. M. Huisman at Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital Zurich, Ramistrasse 100, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland.

© 1999 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.