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Robertson Douglas D.; Weiss, Peter J.; Fishman, Elliot K.; Magid, Donna; Walker, Peter S.
Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography: March-April 1988

Metallic intramedullary orthopedic implants generate artifacts that can markedly degrade transaxial CT images. The artifacts, typically seen as starburst streaking, result primarily from reconstructions involving missing projection data. Two approaches are clinically available to reduce the artifacts around orthopedic implants. These are (a) the imaging of implants with lower attenuation coefficients or smaller path lengths (less attenuating objects) and (b) the planar reformatting of image data. The sizing accuracy of these two approaches was quantified using phantoms and the efficacy using cadaveric femoral specimens. Results demonstrated that metal artifacts may be reduced and accurate bony dimensional data obtained.

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