A cervical chordoma, confirmed at surgery, presented on plain spine films as a focal enlargement of the intervertebral foramen and mimicked the characteristic appearance of cervical neurofibroma. Computed tomography (CT) of the cervical spine was obtained immediately following metrizamide myelography; it demonstrated a soft-tissue mass in the enlarged intervertebral foramen that extended posteriorly to compress the spinal cord and anteriorly to compress the hypopharynx. The mass was sharply demarcated, inhomogeneous, and low in attenuation; CT density measured between those of cerebrospinal fluid and muscle. Although this CT appearance is not specific for cervical chordoma, it is unusual for neurofibroma. Cervical chordoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of focal enlargement of cervical intervertebral foramina. Index Terms: Spine, neoplasm—Chordoma—Computed tomography.
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